Eigen  3.3.90 (mercurial changeset 525f03452c37)
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Eigen::Ref< PlainObjectType, Options, StrideType > Class Template Reference

Detailed Description

template<typename PlainObjectType, int Options, typename StrideType>
class Eigen::Ref< PlainObjectType, Options, StrideType >

A matrix or vector expression mapping an existing expression.

Template Parameters
PlainObjectTypethe equivalent matrix type of the mapped data
Optionsspecifies the pointer alignment in bytes. It can be: Aligned128, , Aligned64, Aligned32, Aligned16, Aligned8 or Unaligned. The default is Unaligned.
StrideTypeoptionally specifies strides. By default, Ref implies a contiguous storage along the inner dimension (inner stride==1), but accepts a variable outer stride (leading dimension). This can be overridden by specifying strides. The type passed here must be a specialization of the Stride template, see examples below.

This class provides a way to write non-template functions taking Eigen objects as parameters while limiting the number of copies. A Ref<> object can represent either a const expression or a l-value:

* // in-out argument:
* void foo1(Ref<VectorXf> x);
* // read-only const argument:
* void foo2(const Ref<const VectorXf>& x);

In the in-out case, the input argument must satisfy the constraints of the actual Ref<> type, otherwise a compilation issue will be triggered. By default, a Ref<VectorXf> can reference any dense vector expression of float having a contiguous memory layout. Likewise, a Ref<MatrixXf> can reference any column-major dense matrix expression of float whose column's elements are contiguously stored with the possibility to have a constant space in-between each column, i.e. the inner stride must be equal to 1, but the outer stride (or leading dimension) can be greater than the number of rows.

In the const case, if the input expression does not match the above requirement, then it is evaluated into a temporary before being passed to the function. Here are some examples:

* VectorXf a;
* foo1(a.head()); // OK
* foo1(A.col()); // OK
* foo1(A.row()); // Compilation error because here innerstride!=1
* foo2(A.row()); // Compilation error because A.row() is a 1xN object while foo2 is expecting a Nx1 object
* foo2(A.row().transpose()); // The row is copied into a contiguous temporary
* foo2(2*a); // The expression is evaluated into a temporary
* foo2(A.col().segment(2,4)); // No temporary

The range of inputs that can be referenced without temporary can be enlarged using the last two template parameters. Here is an example accepting an innerstride!=1:

* // in-out argument:
* void foo3(Ref<VectorXf,0,InnerStride<> > x);
* foo3(A.row()); // OK

The downside here is that the function foo3 might be significantly slower than foo1 because it won't be able to exploit vectorization, and will involve more expensive address computations even if the input is contiguously stored in memory. To overcome this issue, one might propose to overload internally calling a template function, e.g.:

* // in the .h:
* void foo(const Ref<MatrixXf>& A);
* void foo(const Ref<MatrixXf,0,Stride<> >& A);
* // in the .cpp:
* template<typename TypeOfA> void foo_impl(const TypeOfA& A) {
* ... // crazy code goes here
* }
* void foo(const Ref<MatrixXf>& A) { foo_impl(A); }
* void foo(const Ref<MatrixXf,0,Stride<> >& A) { foo_impl(A); }

See also the following stackoverflow questions for further references:

See Also
PlainObjectBase::Map(), Storage orders

Inherits Eigen::RefBase< Derived >.

Public Member Functions

template<typename Derived >
 Ref (DenseBase< Derived > &expr)

Constructor & Destructor Documentation

template<typename PlainObjectType, int Options, typename StrideType>
template<typename Derived >
Eigen::Ref< PlainObjectType, Options, StrideType >::Ref ( DenseBase< Derived > &  expr)

Implicit constructor from any dense expression

The documentation for this class was generated from the following file: